Cats of this breed resemble their “ancestors” leopards, because the breed was developed thanks to the purposeful crossing of wild Asian leopard cat and an ordinary domestic cat. And the Asian leopard cat belongs to the subfamily of Panthers (as well as more “serious” animals – leopard, tiger, lion). As we see, attempts of this crossing has yielded its fruits, although at first the males of the first generations were not able to reproduce offspring, and the kittens of this breed appeared due to females-cats and their “linkages” with domestic cats. Thus was derived to reproduce offspring. The Bengal cat is a rare breed in our country. Yes in other countries it is not very numerous. And, meeting these cats for the first time, paying attention to their unusual appearance, “newcomers” even I prick up my ears, I’m afraid. But people who are familiar with the cats of this breed love them very much, just not the soul of tea. In principle, such a versatile attitude to these cats is not surprising, since she was bred with the intention that by their very existence show the tenderness and affection of a forest predator to a pet, the animal in hand. The idea was to get people to think about the dangers of the destruction of leopards – in fact, seeing a Bengal cat, people will correlate this image with the house and calm, not predation. This idea belonged to the American biologist, author of the experiment – Jane mill. By the way, between the British and prodiamesinae there are differences, but they are not particularly significant. The greater number of well-known in the world of cattery Bengal cats located in the USA, and if we take Europe, then in England.
The history of the breed
by the middle of the last century the species felis bengalensis, who lived mainly in India, Pakistan, Thailand, and China, and the Philippines and the far East, was under threat of extinction. the poachers did not spare even nursing females; firing them for striking spotted pelts and cubs eagerly bought by tourists and not intended, how difficult is it to contain a wild animal as a pet. this is how MS mill my first impression of leopard cats “my heart was forever enchanted by the beauty of these animals and at the same time grieved at the doomed tiny cubs, crying in baskets traders living Souvenirs on the streets of Bangkok”. when a young American Jane, then Mrs. sudgen, brought home from a business trip to Taiwan such a “souvenir, she had no idea that she is destined to become the author of one of the most extravagant experiments in the history of the feline. raised in the home spotted the cat remained, however, a wild creature is shy and uncommunicative. however, entering at the age of, she not only graciously accepted the courtship of the black cat of Zuganov, and produced in 1963 the female kitten. hybrid cat who has inherited the exotic exterior of his mother, was bred to the same black cat. the experiment was aborted: the sudden death of her husband for a long time changed all the plans Jane. post 15 years Jane, who by that time Mrs. mill, learned about comparative study of the immunity of alc (wild Asian leopard cat) and domestic cats of different breeds to viral leukemia, conducted by geneticist, University of California William centerwall. in the framework of this program were held interbreeding of animals. Jane mill turned to Dr. centervale with a request to give her a few hybrids of the first generation. thus began the second, main phase of work on a new breed. in character and habits of the hybrids of the first and second generations did not differ from their wild relatives; a manual was only the hybrids of the 4th and 5th generations, however at this stage the effect of exotic, wild beauty inherent to leopard cats were largely weakened. it took many years of painstaking work, which involved domestic cats of various breeds, before the experiment was a success: in 1991, the Bengal breed has received official status.
adult male Bengal significantly larger than females, but the average weight usually does not exceed 7-8 kg. body type: athletic and slender cat cats.
There are two main types of tabby Bengal cats: spotted or mottled “rosetted” (spotted-tabby spottet or/rosetted-tabby) and marble. Unlike the classic “makelogo” color of ordinary domestic cats, black or brown spots on the skin of a Bengal are not across, and along the torso line. Spot shape is rounded or slightly pointed (so called “Darts”). The Bengals have got the modern lines of the spot can form a beautiful “leopard” rosettes. Especially prized specimens with large two-three-colored rosettes, for the brindle colour as such occurs in other domestic cats, and the outlet is a kind of “calling card” of the Bengal breed. Muzzle Bengal painted in classic wild style: clear dark stripes on the cheeks, the letter “M” or “scarab” on the forehead. The neck is adorned with black “necklace”. On shoulders, small spots, often coalescing into small strips – “snatches the necklace”. Legs spotted or tiger colors; the tail is ringed with stripes, and sometimes speckled with spots. The background on which there are marks, can vary from brownish yellow with a bronze tint to red-Golden. It is important that it is contrasted with spots, and contrast than the brighter, the better. The belly, neck and chest, and underside of the tail of the Bengal light, dark spots. The varieties of the breed, dubbed “snow leopard” and enjoying a phenomenal popularity worldwide, especially among people with artistic inclinations, a pattern of rosettes and spots or marble pattern traced on a light beige or off-white background. Otherwise, the color resembles the Siamese. The eyes of these cats can be blue, green or turquoise. Kittens are born almost white. Recent option silver – black spots (rosettes) on a silver-white background is also very promising. In General, the color of Bengal cats is changeable depending on lighting – and this is just one of the traits inherited from their wild ancestors. Often in the coat of the Bengal can be observed the so-called “glitter” – the skin of the animal shimmers and shines as if she sprinkled tiny gold sequins.
Broad wedge with rounded contours, longer than wide. In comparison with the body the head is small, but not too much. Profile forms a shallow curve from the forehead to the nasal bones, the nose large and broad with a small bulge. Muzzle volume, wide, with prominent protruding vibrissae pads and high cheekbones stand out.