Diseases transmitted from dogs and cats to man

In Russia there are about three dozen diseases of dogs and cats, dangerous, including to humans. This is different helminth infections, leptospirosis, toxoplasmosis, rabies, and many others. People get a zooanthroponosis in contact with wild, farm or Pets. Stay on the list of the most dangerous diseases in dogs and cats that occur more often than others and may develop in humans.

Rabies

The most dangerous disease, called neurotropic virus and is transmitted with the saliva through the bite or abrasion and wounds on the skin and mucous membranes. Sick of all warm-blooded animals, including man. Characterized by lesions of the nervous system that manifests itself in the form of aggression, violations of coordination of movements, spasms of the pharyngeal muscles and paralysis of the limbs, respiratory muscles and the muzzle (face); photophobia, and has a fatal outcome.

Vaccination is an effective way to prevent rabies. Vaccination is carried out annually. For the prevention of rabies infection human doctors of the clinic “Vita” is recommended:

the time to vaccinate their dogs and cats from diseases

try to avoid any contacts with wild animals

regular deratization (destruction of mice and rats) in private homes

An acute disease of mammals,including humans.The disease can be transmitted by direct contact with urine of infected animals or through contaminated objects in the environment, especially at high humidity or in places where there is standing water.

Leptospira can penetrate mucous membranes and damaged skin. They multiply in the blood, the epithelium of tubules of kidneys and liver – damage of many organs, especially the kidneys and liver.

For the specific prevention of leptospirosis in dogs developed a number of vaccines. For the prevention of leptospirosis infection the person should:

vaccinate their dogs and cats from diseases

as soon as possible to begin treatment, if the animal is sick

observe measures of personal hygiene when dealing with sick animals

Dermatomycosis (ringworm)

A General name common to human and animal disease caused by a microscopic pathogenic fungi and characterized mainly by skin lesions and hair coat. The most common diseases of fungal origin – trichophytosis and microsporia, and all the selected 18 species of pathogenic fungi that cause ringworm in animals.

Disease in dogs and cats is manifested by the occurrence of rounded irregular shape hairless areas on the skin. Often such sites are located on the face, ears, but can in other places throughout the body. The affected areas may be red in color and peel off.

Humans can be infected through close contact with sick animals. Preventive measures preventive and curative vaccination with special vaccine against ringworm.

Helminthiasis (opisthorchiasis, diphyllobothriasis, depilados, alveococcosis, toxocariasis, and other toxascaris)

Widespread disease of most species of animals and birds, caused by a parasite in the body of the animal worms. Worms can parasitize in various organs and tissues of cats and dogs, but are most often found in the gastro-intestinal tract. This nematodes (roundworms), trematodes (flatworms) and cestodes (tapeworms). Especially prone to infestation by young kittens and puppies and children, but do not forget that they can get infected and adults.

The majority of helminth infections are asymptomatic or chronically, therefore, complicates diagnosis. The presence of worms may indicate the following symptoms: unstable stool (constipation followed by diarrhea with blood and mucus), filled with gas (bloated) abdomen, dull coat, lethargy, emaciation, etc. Especially hard to tolerate the infection of worms kittens and puppies. The accumulation of worms in the intestine may cause it to rupture, leading inevitably to death.

Source of infection may serve as eaten flies, spiders, raw meat and fish, as well as accidentally ingested worm eggs, for example, with Your shoes on. Therefore, even if the animal never leaves the house, a very important and timely deworming. Drug for the prevention and treatment of helminth infection will help you to choose Your veterinarian.

A disease caused by infection Toxoplazma gondii is a unicellular parasite of the class protozoa. The main sources of human infection are sick animals (especially cats) and birds. Animals and humans become infected by eating raw or insufficiently cooked meat, as well as by accidental ingestion of oocysts.

The diverse manifestations of toxoplasmosis (disorder of the gastro-intestinal tract respiratory system, abortion, emaciation, fever), but the General is chorioretinitis (pathological eye disease).

Cats are sick more often asymptomatic (the pathogen multiplies in the epithelial cells of the intestine). Flush for diagnosis is taken from the rectum of cats, as well as blood, method of research is PCR (polymerase chain reaction). The disease is particularly dangerous for pregnant women!

A disease caused by infection with microorganisms of the genus Chlamydia. There are four types of microorganisms: C. psittaci, C. trachomatis,C. Pecorum and C. bekopaka. Pathogens chlamydia cats and dogs are members of the species Chl.which is characterized by different clinical forms of behavior (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, bronchitis, pathology of childbirth and pregnancy), frequent chronicity of infection or its latent (hidden).

Transmitted from cat to person by airborne droplets. Sexually transmitted (from person to person) is transmitted chlamydia Chl.rachomatis pathogenic for human causative agents of trachoma (paratrahome), urogenital chlamydia, venereal limfogranulema, this pathogen cannot be infected from a cat. Flush for diagnosis is taken from the vagina or prepuce of the animal, as well as blood, method study RT — PCR. The disease is dangerous for pregnant women!

Prevention of chlamydia is relevant primarily in cats, this requires regular vaccination against this disease. Dear pet owners! To eliminate the risk of infection zooanthroponosis, i.e. Diseases common to humans and animals, it is necessary to observe a few simple rules:

Observe hygiene when caring for your cat or dog, wash your hands after cleaning her toilet and contact with us or other animals (especially homeless).

For toxoplasmosis, chlamydia, and helminth eggs do the tests immediately after purchasing the animal. Get regular vaccinations and give anthelmintic drugs your Pets.

Protect your animals from hunting wild rodents – because they are the natural reservoir of many dangerous diseases for animals and people.

Buy cats and dogs quality products.

If you feel unwell You or Your pet to seek medical attention immediately.

Remember, to prevent is always cheaper than cure. For all inquiries please contact the clinic do not self-medicate.

See also:

Toxoplasmosis in dogs

Deworming of animals

Toxoplasmosis: an overview about the disease

Dangerous disease in dogs and cats

Toxoplasmosis in dogs and cats

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