Skin diseases of animals
You need to remember the owner of the cats (dogs) on the skin of the pet.
The skin is the largest and visible organ of the body. It is an anatomical and physiological barrier between the organism and the external environment, therefore the main function of the skin – protective not to let the environmental factors (bacteria, fungi, viruses, chemicals, ultraviolet rays) to cause damage to the body, and to prevent the loss of body water.
What else? The skin is thermoregulatory, excretory (excretion with the sweat of metabolic products, salts, drugs) organ, performs endocrine and metabolic functions (synthesis and accumulation of vitamin D and some hormones), responsible for immunity (the capture, transport antigens and the subsequent development of immune reactions), plays an important role as a sense organ ( sensation of touch, heat and cold, pressure, pain and itching).
Skin diseases in domestic animals are very common and are the most annoying problems, because involve not only changes the look of the pet, but also with significant concern. Very often diseases of the skin causes the itching that significantly affects the quality of life of the animal and interfere with not only him but also his owner.
Some diseases can be transmitted from dogs and cats to people, which creates additional risk.
Skin diseases can be divided into groups:
1. Parasitic diseases(flea infestation, notoedrosis, sarcoptosis, demodecosis, gallileos, etc.)
2. Bacterialike disease.
3. Fungal diseases (including dermatophytes – contagious disease, transmitted to humans, better known as zoster).
Dermatofitos (caused by T. mentagrophytes) Yorkshire Terrier
4. Allergy (an Allergy to flea bites, food Allergy and adverse food reactions, atopy).
5. Endocrine diseases (hyperadrenocorticism, hyperthyroidism and others).
6. Immunopositive and autoimmune diseases.
7. Skin tumors (histiocytoma, papillomatosis, mastocytoma and others).
8. Disease of mixed etiology.
Don’t forget that sometimes there are some skin diseases in one animal.
It is also important to note that many skin diseases look similar to each other. Therefore it is impossible to make a diagnosis, relying only on physical resemblance.
The similarity of appearance of manifestations of skin diseases with different diagnoses and different treatment
In order to diagnose and cure animal doctor will need:
The history of life and illness of the animal.
It is very important to know how the animal is found, what is his diet, habits, and preferences, when and how began to manifest the disease. Remember, your pet can’t talk to you! So all this I can only tell you. Learn to observe and take the external examination of your dog (cat).
– Full clinical examination of the animal.
This is one of the important points, as to Dr. it is important to know not only what happened but also how it looks. It is worth noting that not all skin lesions can be seen by the owner. And even more impossible to assess the situation, make a diagnosis and help over the phone.
Do not attempt to treat the animal based on the advice of friends or “breeders” as “my dog too, so it was…”
Scrapings, trichogram, microscopy, examination under wood’s light, the crops on the dermatophytes, biopsy, etc. Almost all studies are conducted on admission by the doctor, as a rule, to wait for the results a few days.
Do not refuse the proposed additional research. Courses of treatment of most cutaneous diseases is quite long. A wrong diagnosis will also affect animal and Your wallet.
Exact observance of the prescribed treatment and recommendations of a veterinarian.
Unlike many other specialized areas of veterinary medicine, in dermatology it is not always possible to make an accurate diagnosis at the initial examination. There are a number of diseases, diagnosis of which is complex and requires a step-by-step exclusion of complicating factors and similar diseases. Therefore, it is very important that pet owner trusted their doctor and exactly followed his instructions relative to the chosen treatment of the animal.
Of course, in the body all the processes and bodies intertwined, skin, largely reflects the state of the organism as a whole. But we should not forget that the skin itself is a full body, no less challenging than the liver or kidney, for example. The skin of the animal has “their own”, that “skin” disease. So, first of all with the appearance of the skin diseases need to explore exactly skin! For this purpose it is necessary to consult a dermatologist.
If the doctor finds during the examination of the skin signs of diseases of internal organs, it would be wise to conduct additional research and diagnostic activities to identify specific pathology.
Remember, attempts at self-treatment only a “smeared” picture of the disease and complicate the diagnosis!